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לעילוי נשמת ר׳ יוסף בנימין בן ר׳ מנשה קאלטמאנן
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מוקדש לחיזוק ההתקשרות לכ״ק אדמו״ר זי״ע נשיא דורנו
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לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח הרה״ת הר׳ משה פינחס בן הר׳ אברהם מרדכי הכהן כ״ץ
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CHUMASH

Parshas Vayakhel - Sheini with Rashi

When Moshe Rabbeinu asked the Yidden to donate to the Mishkan, many Yidden came to bring the things Moshe had asked for. Even though the women didn’t need to give, they wanted to, and were the first to donate! They brought their jewelry to give to the Mishkan. The Yidden brought gold and silver, wool, Atzei Shitim, and the other materials that would be used.

Some women that were very talented wove the wool while it was still on the animals!

The Nesiim from each Shevet didn’t give things right away, first they tried to make sure everyone from their Shevet gave as much as they could!

At the end of the day, when everyone finished bringing the things for the Mishkan, the Yidden saw that there was more than enough to build the Mishkan! The Nesiim realized that they had made a mistake, and they should have helped their Shevet AND brought things for the Mishkan too!

Nobody brought stones for the Efod or spices or oil, but there was enough extra gold and silver to buy them. The Nesiim decided to bring these things so they would have a part in giving something to the Mishkan. (Later, by the Chanukas HaMishkan, they corrected their mistake, and were the first ones to bring korbanos to dedicate the Mishkan!)

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TEHILLIM

113 - 118

There is a posuk in today’s Tehillim, in Kapitel Kuf-Yud-Ches (118) that says “Hashem Li Be’ozroi, Va’ani Ereh Be’Son’ai.” “Hashem is with me, with my helpers, and I will see my enemies fall.”

How can Dovid Hamelech say that Hashem is WITH his helpers? Can there be a helper except for Hashem?

Chassidus explains that the “helpers” are the Gashmius things in the world. Hashem put a piece of Kedusha into the Gashmius things, and when we use them, we get this koach to help us! So together with davening and asking Hashem to help him, a person also needs to have the Elokus which is in the Gashmius to help him!

~

A person once asked the Frierdiker Rebbe, “If somebody says the whole Tehillim every day, or says the parts for each day of the week, so he finishes it each Shabbos, does he also need to say the daily shiur of Tehillim the way it is split up for Chitas?”

The Frierdiker Rebbe answered, “If there is a wagon full of barrels of oil, you still need to put oil on the wheels to grease them.”

Even though saying a lot of Tehillim is very special, the daily piece of Tehillim is something we all NEED, the same way that a wagon wheel NEEDS grease so that it can turn smoothly. It’s not enough to just HAVE Tehillim, we need to have the right parts of Tehillim for each day so that our day can go smoothly!

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TANYA

Likutei Amarim Perek Lamed-Beis

When we think about OURSELVES in a way that we realize that the neshama is the main thing, we will look at another Yid the same way too! This way we will be able to have true Ahavas Yisroel for EVERY SINGLE YID, no matter who!

How?

First, let’s think about why it’s hard to have Ahavas Yisroel. People look and sound and act differently. Some are tall or short, loud or quiet, smart or talented. Some people are mean, and some people are nice. There are people who like to play, or read, or give presents, or get presents! There are people that like different things and have different personalities. That makes it hard to love everyone the same!

But all these differences are only because of the guf. Our neshamos are all the same — they are all part of Hashem!

So if we are able to look at ourselves and see that the main thing is the neshama (through the hisbonenus we just learned), we can see that for every other Yid too, the main thing is the neshama! Then, there are no differences, and we can have Ve’ahavta Lereiacha Kamocha to every Yid equally, no matter how big or small he is!

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HAYOM YOM

Chof-Daled Adar Alef

R’ Hillel Paritcher was a very great chossid of the Alter Rebbe, and later the Mitteler Rebbe. The Mitteler Rebbe told all of the Chassidim that came to Lubavitch, that on their way home they should teach the Chassidus they heard in all of the towns and villages they pass. Before leaving Lubavitch, R’ Hillel Paritcher asked the Mitteler Rebbe how to follow this hora’ah in places where people don’t understand Chassidus at all.

The Mitteler Rebbe told him that he should chazer Chassidus in those places too, because “the neshama hears.” Even if they don’t understand the Chassidus, their neshama hears it.

The Mitteler Rebbe used a posuk to show R’ Hillel that not only does the neshama hear the Chassidus, but it gives the person koach to do what Hashem wants!

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #317 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #294, #290

Today we learn two mitzvos in Sefer Hamitzvos:

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #294) If someone was forced to do an aveira (onus), we don’t punish him because it wasn’t his fault.

The Gemara in Sanhedrin says, “Oness Rachmana Patrei” — if someone was forced, the Torah makes him patur (exempt).

We learn this mitzvah from Parshas Ki Seitzei: וְלַנַּעֲרָה לֹא תַעֲשֶׂה דָבָר

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #290) The Beis Din is not allowed to punish someone based on what we think happened. Even if we are VERY sure that a person must have done an aveira, the Beis Din is only allowed to punish him if there were at least two people who actually saw him do the aveira.

Once a Beis Din starts punishing someone who is PROBABLY guilty, then they will end up punishing someone who MIGHT be guilty! The Torah doesn’t want us to start guessing when a person should be punished. It is better that a thousand people should not be punished for their aveiros by Beis Din, than for one person to be punished when he doesn’t deserve it.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Mishpatim: וְנָקִי וְצַדִּיק אַל תַּהֲרֹג

This means, “a person who is innocent and a tzadik should not be put to death.” From here we see how careful we need to be to make sure that an innocent person is not punished.

(We don’t have to worry about a person not being punished. Even if the Beis Din doesn’t give the punishment, Hashem has many other ways to make sure that there is justice in the world!)

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Sanhedrin

In today’s Rambam we learn how the Beis Din carries out Misas Beis Din.

In Perek Yud-Gimmel, the Rambam tells us how careful we are not to punish someone with misa (death) unless we are absolutely sure he deserves it! On his way to be killed, if he comes up with a good reason why he is innocent, we take him back to the Beis Din again and again, to see if his reason changes the psak.

Perek Yud-Daled has more halachos about a person who is chayav misa deserves to be killed. One halacha tells us that we need to be very patient, and not try to pasken quickly if someone deserves misa! If a Beis Din kills one person every seven years, we say that they are a bloodthirsty court.

When the Beis Hamikdash was built, the Sanhedrin would gather in the Lishkas Hagazis, a part of the Beis Hamikdash. (This room did not have the same level of kedushah as other parts of the Beis Hamikdash, so the Sanhedrin was allowed to sit down there.)

When the Yidden stopped behaving properly, the Sanhedrin went into Golus. They traveled from place to place, to 10 different parts of Eretz Yisroel. The last place they stopped was in Teveriah.

Since then, the Sanhedrin has never gotten together. The Rambam says that we have a kabbalah (tradition) that when Moshiach comes, the Sanhedrin will first gather in Teveriah, and go from there to the Beis Hamikdash.

In Perek Tes-Vov, the Rambam lists all of the aveiros that can make a person deserve Misas Beis Din. There are 36 of these aveiros.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Shevuos - Perek Hey

We learn some details about two kinds of shevuos, Shevuas Bitui and Shevuas Shav.

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INYANA D'YOMA

Leben Mit Der Tzeit

In Parshas Vayakhel and Pekudei, we learn about how the Yidden made the Mishkan, just the way Hashem wanted. But if you look at the pesukim, you might think, “Didn’t we learn this before?” In Parshas Terumah and Tetzaveh and the beginning of Ki Sisa, we already learned how Hashem told Moshe on Har Sinai to make all of these things.

The Torah could have just said, “And the Yidden made the Mishkan just the way Hashem told Moshe.” Instead, there is practically two whole parshas repeating what we already learned! Why?

Chassidus explains that Moshe heard about the Mishkan while he was on Har Sinai. He was very close to Hashem and did not eat or drink, like a malach! When he learned about the Mishkan, he saw all of the Ruchnius in the Mishkan, and all of the kedusha there. That’s all of the pesukim in Parshas Terumah and Tetzaveh.

In Parshas Vayakhel and Pekudei, though, we learn about the GASHMIYUS Mishkan — about the way it was built with wood and gold and silver! We learn how the regular Yidden gave gold and copper to build the Mishkan, and about how Betzalel and Oholiav made sure that each part of the Mishkan was made properly.

What’s the MAIN point of the Mishkan? The Gashmiyus!

Hashem wants a place to dwell here in this world, where Elokus is most hidden. Hashem wants to have a Dira Betachtonim!

That’s the Mishkan we’re learning about in Parshas Vayakhel and Pekudei. That’s why we need to say it all over again, because now we’re talking about Hashem’s house on earth, and that’s a completely new thing that needs the details said over separately!

The Rebbe teaches us a very important lesson that we need to take from this: We might look around at the world, at the dark Golus, and wonder how we could make a Mishkan here! Maybe we think that a Moshe Rabbeinu could build a Mishkan on Har Sinai, but what about us here and now?

The Torah repeats the whole Mishkan in Parshas Vayakhel and Pekudei to encourage us and give us kochos in doing our shlichus to build a Mishkan for Hashem. Hashem is telling us that this IS the Mishkan that the Torah is talking about! That regular ordinary people like us should do our best to make a Mishkan in this Gashmius world where Elokus is so hidden! Then Hashem will bentch us to have hatzlacha in fulfilling His kavana, and will rest in the Mishkan that we built.

See Likutei Sichos chelek Alef, Parshas Pekudei

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TEFILLAH

Yehei Shmei Rabah

Between Pesukei Dezimra and the next part of davening, Birchos Kriyas Shema, the Chazan says a Kaddish. There are many types of Kaddish, but the first half is the same for all of them. The main part of this is when everyone says “Yehei Shmei Rabah Mevorach,” Hashem’s name should be blessed.

The Gemara tells a story that shows that when we answer Amen Yehei Shmei Rabah to Kaddish in shul, it brings Hashem a lot of nachas!

The Tanna R’ Yosi was once traveling. On his way, he passed some of the destroyed houses of Yerushalayim. He went into one of them to daven.

Eliyahu Hanavi waited for R’ Yosi at the door. After R’ Yosi finished davening and came outside, Eliyahu Hanavi greeted him. He asked why R’ Yosi had gone into such a dangerous place. R’ Yosi answered that he was looking for a quiet place to daven. Eliyahu Hanavi told him that it is better to daven a short tefillah on the road so nobody will interrupt you, and not to go into a dangerous place.

After teaching him this, Eliyahu Hanavi asked R’ Yosi what he had heard when he was in the ruined house.

R’ Yosi answered that he heard a voice, cooing like a dove. It said, “How sad it is for the children (the Yidden)! Because of their aveiros, I destroyed My home (Yerushalayim), burned My Heichal (the Beis Hamikdash), and sent them into Golus among the nations!”

Eliyahu Hanavi told him, “I promise you that the Shechinah did not only say this when you were inside the ruined home. The Shechinah cries this way three times during each day!

“And when Yidden say ‘Yehei Shmei Rabah Mevorach,’ that Hashem’s great Name should be blessed, it is like Hashem nods His head! Hashem says, ‘Happy is the king who is praised this way in his home.’ It would be so happy for Hashem to be praised this way in His Beis Hamikdash.

“Hashem continues, ‘How terrible it is for the father who sends away his sons, and how terrible for the sons who were sent away from their father’s table.’ It is so sad for Hashem Who sent away His children, the Yidden, and so sad for the Yidden who were sent away from Yerushalayim.”

When we answer Yehei Shmei Rabah Mevorach, it reminds Hashem how nice it would be to again have the Beis Hamikdash, and makes Hashem feel bad about the Yidden being in Golus!

See beginning of Gemara Brachos

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Hocheiach Tochiach

There is a mitzvah of Hochiach Tochiach Es Amisecha, that if we see someone doing something not right, we should help them understand that he’s hurting himself by acting that way.

The halachos about Hocheiach Tochiach help make sure that the other person doesn’t feel hurt.

One of the most important halachos is to make sure not to say it in front of other people, which will make the other person feel embarrassed. Instead we should tell him privately. We should let the person know that we are telling it to him for his own good.

There are still many other important halachos we need to know before we are able to do this mitzvah properly! IY”H we will later learn more of them.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Kuf-Nun-Vov, se’if Ches

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Getting Ready for Moshiach

In the halachos about a Jewish king, the Rambam describes how we know that a person could be Moshiach.

This person has to come from the family of Dovid Hamelech, and be someone who:

1) Hogeh BaTorah Ve’osek Bamitzvos — Someone who is always learning Torah and is busy with mitzvos

2) Yakof Kol Yisrael — He convinces Yidden to follow the way of Torah and make Yiddishkeit stronger

3) Veyilchom Milchemes Hashem — He fights the wars of Hashem and makes the world around him ready to serve Hashem

The Rebbe teaches us that we should use these things as a lesson of how EVERY YID needs to get ready for Moshiach!

1) We should work on making ourselves better (“Avodah Im Atzmo”) — we should learn more Torah and do more mitzvos!

2) We should help other Yidden to do more mitzvos (“Avodah Im Hazulas)

3) We should also help convince the ENTIRE world to keep the Sheva Mitzvos Bnei Noach!

See sicha of 13 Nisan 5745, Migola Ligeulah p. 308

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