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ืœืขื™ืœื•ื™ ื ืฉืžืช ืจืณย ื™ื•ืกืฃ ื‘ื ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืŸ ืจืณ ืžื ืฉื” ืงืืœื˜ืžืื ืŸ
~ by Rabbi Aryeh & Esther Kaltmann ~

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ืžื•ืงื“ืฉ ืœื—ื™ื–ื•ืง ื”ื”ืชืงืฉืจื•ืช ืœื›ืดืง ืื“ืžื•ืดืจ ื–ื™ืดืข ื ืฉื™ื ื“ื•ืจื ื•
~ ืขืดื™ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื‘ืŸ ืจื—ืœ ื•ืžืฉืคื—ืชื• ~

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ืœืขื™ืœื•ื™ ื ืฉืžืช ื”ืจื”ืดื— ื”ืจื”ืดืช ื”ืจืณ ืžืฉื” ืคื™ื ื—ืก ื‘ืŸ ื”ืจืณ ืื‘ืจื”ื ืžืจื“ื›ื™ ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ื›ืดืฅ
ืœืขื™ืœื•ื™ ื ืฉืžืช ื”ืจื”ืดื— ื”ืจื”ืดืช ื”ืจืณ ืžืจื“ื›ื™ ื‘ืŸ ื”ืจืณ ืคื™ื ื—ืก ืžืขื ื˜ืœื™ืง
ื•ืœื–ื›ื•ืช ื”ืจื”ืดื— ื–ืื‘ ื™ื—ื–ืงืืœ ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ื‘ืŸ ืžื™ื ื“ืœ ืฉื™ืณ ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื”

The Sachs Family
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CHUMASH

Parshas Behaalosecha - Chamishi with Rashi

Today we see the first time that the Yidden traveled in the Midbar!

On the twentieth day of the month of Iyar, the year after the Yidden left Mitzrayim, the cloud went up from on top of the Mishkan, and the Yidden traveled for the first time after Matan Torah, from Har Sinai to Midbar Paran. Hereโ€™s how they traveled:

First, Yehudah, Yissachar, and Zevulun GOT READY to go. While they were doing that, the kohanim covered up the keilim of the Mishkan so they would be ready for the Leviim to carry. Then the Yidden actually started to travel!

1) First Yehudah, Yissachar, and Zevulun went

2) Then Gershon and Merari (who carried the Kerashim (boards) and Yerios (curtains) of the Mishkan) went

3) Reuven, Shimon, and Gad went

4) Kehos (who carried the keilim of the Mishkan, like the Aron, the Menorah and the Shulchan) went. (They didnโ€™t go together with Gershon and Merari, they left later. That way by the time they come with the keilim to the place where the Yidden would settle, Gershon and Merari will have had enough time to set up the Mishkan itself.)

5) Then Efrayim, Menasheh, and Benyamin went

6) Finally, Dan, Asher, and Naftali went.

~

Now the Torah tells us about something that happened right before the Yidden began to travel.

Before they left Har Sinai, Moshe told Yisro that the Yidden were going to Eretz Yisrael. He asked Yisro to come, even though he was a Ger and wouldnโ€™t get his own part of Eretz Yisroel.

Yisro said he had to go home. How would he be able to take care of his family if he comes to Eretz Yisroel and doesnโ€™t have a place there?

Moshe convinced Yisro that he SHOULD come to Eretz Yisroel. If he leaves, Moshe told him, it will look like he only became a Ger because he thought he would get part of Eretz Yisroel! Also, Yisro can help the Yidden with good advice. Moshe promised Yisro that he would get a part of Eretz Yisroel for a while if he comes. (When the land in Eretz Yisroel was divided up many years later, part of the city of Yericho was set aside for the Shevet that would give up part of their land to build the Beis Hamikdash. Until the Beis Hamikdash was built, Yisroโ€™s children were allowed to live there.)

~

Now we continue learning about the Yiddenโ€™s first journey from Har Sinai.

Hashem made a special neis: In one day, they went very far โ€” what usually takes THREE days to go, they went all in one day! That was because Hashem really wanted the Yidden to able to go into Eretz Yisroel right away! (As we will see in the next parsha, because of the story of the Meraglim, in the end the Yidden needed to stay in the Midbar for 40 years.)

An Aron went ahead of the Yidden, to prepare the place where the Yidden were going to camp next.

This was not the same Aron as the one that was in the Mishkan. Before Moshe Rabbeinu went up to Har Sinai to get the second Luchos, Hashem told him that he would need to keep the luchos in an Aron. There was no Mishkan yet, and Moshe himself prepared an Aron to hold the broken Luchos and the second Luchos. When the Mishkan was built, the second Luchos were kept in the Aron in the Mishkan, and the broken Luchos stayed in Mosheโ€™s Aron and traveled in front of the Yidden, and together with them when they went to fight.

When the Yidden traveled, there were seven clouds with the Yidden: One on top, one on bottom, and four around on each side. The seventh cloud went in front of them, flattened out the mountains so the Yidden would have a smooth path, and killed the snakes and scorpions so the Yidden would feel safe.

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TEHILLIM

72 - 76

In the end of Kapitel Ayin-Gimmel, Dovid Hamelech starts the posuk with the words โ€œVaโ€™ani Kirvas Elokim Li Tovโ€ โ€” โ€œand for me, being close to Hashem is good for me!โ€

Chassidus explains that there are two steps in a Yid serving Hashem:

The last step is that a person should feel that โ€œKirvas Elokim Tovโ€ โ€” being close to Hashem is good. He doesnโ€™t think about what is the best thing for himself, he has Mesiras Nefesh only to bring Hashem nachas.

But before that, a person is supposed to think โ€œKirvas Elokim LI Tovโ€ โ€” โ€œbeing close to Hashem is good for ME.โ€ He thinks about whatโ€™s good for his neshama, how Torah learning and mitzvos will help HIM be closer to Hashem and bring brachos into his life.

This posuk tells us that even though itโ€™s important to think about what is good for Hashem, bringing the Geulah for all Yidden, we need to remember to bring the Geulah for our own neshama!

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TANYA

Shaar Hayichud Veha'emunah Perek Daled

The Alter Rebbe is explaining how even though everything is part of Hashemโ€™s chayus, it looks like it exists on its own.

The Medrash says that even if everyone in the world would get together and try to figure out how to create even just a little tiny wing of a mosquito (from nothing) and make it alive, they wouldnโ€™t be able to!

This is because only Hashem can create Yeish Meโ€™Ayin, something from absolutely NOTHING. This is something that person cannot do, and cannot even understand. It comes from the koach of Hashem in the name Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay.

Today the Alter Rebbe tells us that the SAME thing is with the way Hashem HIDES in the world, which comes from the name Elokim:

Hashem made everything in such an amazing way! (Even if we only know a little bit about Hashemโ€™s world, we can already see how everything is made exactly the way it needs to be in order to be able to exist!) So just by looking at the world, everyone should be able to figure out right away that Hashem made it all and is giving it chayus every second!

But it is NOT that way. We have to THINK about it to know that Hashem made everything and is the chayus of the world. And still, there are even people who say that the world made itself and there is chas veshalom NO Hashem!

How can this be?

Because the SAME GREAT Hashem who made the world with the SAME GREATNESS hid Himself in the world SO WELL, that nobody will know that He made it! Only when a Yid thinks and uses the kochos of their neshama can they know and feel it.

This hiding is from the name of Hashem called Elokim, while Hashem making the world is with the name Yud- Kay-Vov-Kay.

When we praise Hashem in the beginning of Shemoneh Esrei, we use the words โ€œHagadolโ€ and โ€œHagibor,โ€ โ€œgreatโ€ and โ€œmighty.โ€ This is talking about these two infinite kochos of Hashem of Chesed and Gevurah, the power to create everything from nothing (Hagadol โ€” Chesed), and the power to hide in it, so it looks like it exists on its own (Hagibor โ€” Gevurah).

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HAYOM YOM

Yud-Daled Sivan

In todayโ€™s Hayom Yom, we learn how make the bracha on Tzitzis:

1) Make sure our hands are tahor! Did we wash negel vasser?

2) Make sure we can say a bracha here! We shouldnโ€™t be in a bathroom, or have negel vasser that needs to be poured out or something smelly in the room.

3) Put on the Tzitzis.

4) Say the bracha โ€œAl Mitzvas Tzitzis!โ€

We canโ€™t say the bracha โ€œLehisatef BeTzitzis,โ€ โ€œto be wrapped in the Tzitzis,โ€ because regular tzitzis are not big enough to wrap ourselves in! We can only say this bracha once we can wear a Tallis. Thatโ€™s why boys say the bracha of โ€œAl Mitzvas Tzitzis.โ€

If we couldnโ€™t say a bracha when we put on our Tzitzis on (like if we got dressed in the bathroom), then before we daven, we move around the strings of our Tzitzis (so it is as if we are putting them on now) and then bring them together to say the bracha.

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SEFER HAMITZVOS

Shiur #86 - Mitzvas Asei #223, Lo Saasei #104

Today we learn two mitzvos about a Sotah.

1) (Mitzvas Asei #223) If a woman who is already married is suspected of acting that she is married to someone else, after her husband told her to stay away from that other man, she is called a Sotah. We need to follow the halachos of how she drinks the water to show if she did the aveira or not, how to bring her korban, and all of the other details brought in the Gemara.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Naso: ืึดื™ืฉื ืึดื™ืฉื ื›ึดึผื™ ืชึดืฉึฐื‚ื˜ึถื” ืึดืฉึฐืืชึผื•ึน

The details are explained in Mesechta Sotah.

2) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #104) The Sotah needs to bring a Korban Mincha, which is a korban of flour. Usually we mix oil with this kind of korban, but we are NOT allowed to mix oil with the Korban Mincha of a sotah!

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Naso: ื•ึฐื”ึตื‘ึดื™ื ืึถืช ืงึธืจึฐื‘ึธึผื ึธื”ึผ ืขึธืœึถื™ื”ึธ ื•ึฐื’ื•ึนืณ ืœึนื ื™ึดืฆึนืง ืขึธืœึธื™ื• ืฉึถืืžึถืŸ

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RAMBAM

Hilchos Sotah

In todayโ€™s Rambam, Perakim Alef, Beis, and Gimmel, we learn when a woman doesnโ€™t have to drink the sotah water, even if she was acting like a sotah. For example, her husband has to be able to hear and speak, otherwise she doesnโ€™t have to drink it. The Rambam shows us how we learn this from certain pesukim.

The Rambam teaches us exactly how the sotah is tested to find out if she did an aveira or not. She is brought into the Beis Hamikdash and her clothes are ripped so she wonโ€™t look beautiful. Dust and bitter wood are put into a bowl of water, and a piece of parchment that has certain words (including Hashemโ€™s name) written on it is dipped into the water and the letters are rubbed off into the water.

The woman has to drink this bitter water, and if she did the aveira, she will die. If she didnโ€™t do the aveira, Hashem rewards her for how embarrassing the mitzvah of sotah is, and she gets brachos for health and children.

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RAMBAM PEREK ECHOD

Hilchos Bikurim - Perek Yud

We give the kohen part of the wool of a sheep the first time we cut its hair, called Reishis HaGeiz. This mitzvah makes sure that the kohanim will have wool to make clothes!

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INYANA D'YOMA

Asking for Our Needs

The Zohar says that if a person davens and is asking Hashem to give him things he needs, itโ€™s like dogs barking for food.

How can this be? Isnโ€™t the whole point of davening for us to ask Hashem for what we need?

The answer is that the Zohar is explaining something to us: A person shouldnโ€™t ask for his needs just because he wants them. Instead, he should ask Lโ€™Sheim Shomayim, because HASHEM wants us to ask, and so that we will have whatever we need so we can do our special shlichus!

Once a bochur wrote a letter to the Rebbe, asking why it says in bentching โ€œVenimtza Chein Vesechel Tov Beโ€™einei Elokim Veโ€™Adamโ€ โ€” โ€œwe should find favor in the eyes of Hashem and people.โ€ We should be worried about what other people think of us? We should care if they like us?

The Rebbe answered that he should have kavana Lโ€™sheim Shomayim โ€” that people should like him so theyโ€™ll want to be like him, and be good Jews who act the way Hashem wants!

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TEFILLAH

Vehu Rachum

There is a special tefillah of Tachanun that is added on Monday and Thursday, after Nefilas Apayim. It starts with the words โ€œVehu Rachum.โ€

There are two explanations why Monday and Thursday are different than other days.

One is that these days are Yemei Din, days of judgment. Monday and Thursday are the days that Beis Din used to get together in many places. The Beis Din down here matches up with the Beis Din Shelemaalah, the Beis Din in Shomayim. Just like the Beis Din down here gets together on Monday and Thursday, these are also days of din in Shomayim.

Since these are days of extra din, we also need extra Rachamim from Hashem! That is why we add these extra tefillos.

Another reason is because Mondays and Thursdays are days of Ratzon, days when Hashem listens to our tefillos more than usual. We see this from Moshe Rabbeinu, who went up to Har Sinai to receive the second Luchos, which were given Bโ€™ratzon, on Thursday. He came down with the Luchos on Monday, which was Yom Kippur. Therefore, Thursday and Monday are good days for Teshuvah.

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HALACHOS HATZRICHOS

Tzitzis

Today in Hayom Yom, we learned some of the Chabad minhagim of tzitzis. Here are some more of our minhagim:

In the siddur, the Alter Rebbe writes that we are careful to sleep in our tzitzis.

There is one problem, though. How can we make a bracha on tzitzis if theyโ€™re the same ones we were wearing yesterday, when we already made a bracha when putting on this pair?

We can take care of this problem by having two pairs of tzitzis, and switching to the other pair every morning. This way, when we make the bracha, it is a bracha on putting on this new pair of tzitzis.

See the sefer โ€œTzitzis Halacha Lemaaseh, p. 139

ืœืขื™ืœื•ื™ ื ืฉืžืช ื”ืจื”ืดื— ืจืณ ื“ื ื™ืืœ ื™ืฆื—ืง ืขืดื” ื‘ืŸ ืจืณ ืืคืจื™ื ืฉื™ืณ ืžืืกืงืื•ื•ื™ืฅ
ืฉืœื™ื— ื›"ืง ืื“ืžื•"ืจ ื ืฉื™ื ื“ื•ืจื ื• ืœืžื“ื™ื ืช ืื™ืœื™ื ื•ื™

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GEULAH U'MOSHIACH

Going Calmly to the Geulah!

When the Yidden left Mitzrayim, they had to rush and hurry! They didnโ€™t even have time to bake bread, only to make dough for matzah. They had to leave right away, because Paraoh and the Mitzriyim were forcing them to leave.

The Navi Yeshaya says in his nevuah that in the time of Moshiach, Hashem will protect us, and we can calmly and happily come back to Eretz Yisroel!

ื›ึดึผื™ ืœึนื ื‘ึฐื—ึดืคึธึผื–ื•ึนืŸ ืชึตึผืฆึตืื•ึผ ื•ึผื‘ึดืžึฐื ื•ึผืกึธื” ืœึนื ืชึตืœึตื›ื•ึผืŸ ื›ึดึผื™ ื”ึนืœึตืšึฐ ืœึดืคึฐื ึตื™ื›ึถื ื”ืณ ื•ึผืžึฐืึทืกึดึผืคึฐื›ึถื ืึฑืœึนืงึตื™ ื™ึดืฉึฐื‚ืจึธืึตืœ

Ki Lo VeChipazon Teitzeiu โ€” Because you wonโ€™t need to hurry out of Golus, like you did by Yetziyas Mitzrayim, when you had to worry about the Mitzriyim

UviMenusah Lo Seileichun โ€” And you wonโ€™t have to leave in a crazy rush!

Ki Holeich Lifneichem Hashem โ€” You can leave Golus calmly, because Hashem will go in front of you

Umeโ€™asifchem Elokei Yisrael โ€” And Hashem will also be behind you, protecting you.

Chassidus explains the difference between the Geulah from Mitzrayim and the Geulah from this Golus. Because the Yidden were so deeply stuck in the tumah of Mitzrayim, they had to run out quickly. But when Moshiach comes, Hashem will first take away the tumah, so there will be no need to run away from the Golus. We will calmly and happily go straight to Geulah!

See Yeshaya perek Nun-Beis posuk Yud-Beis

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ืœืข"ื  ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื–ืื‘ ืืจื™' ืข"ื” ื‘ืŸ ื™ื‘ืœื˜"ื ื”ืจื”"ื— ืจ' ืฉื ื™ืื•ืจ ื–ืœืžืŸ ืฉื™' ื’ืœื™ืง
ื ืคื˜ืจ ื‘' ืžื ื—ื ืื‘ ื”'ืชืฉืข"ื’

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