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Parshas Haazinu - Revi'i with Rashi

Today we are continuing to learn Shiras Haazinu, the song Moshe Rabbeinu told Yidden on the day he passed away. In this song, he tells the Yidden that Hashem loves and takes care of them. He tells them about the Golus that will come from the things they do, but that in the end they will do teshuvah and come back to Eretz Yisroel. Moshe uses the sky and the earth as witnesses, because the very same sky that Moshe stood beneath on that day, and the very same earth he stood on, are here today as well to remind us that what he said was true!

In today’s Chumash, Moshe Rabbeinu is speaking about what will happen when the Yidden come into Eretz Yisroel. Hashem will give them many brachos there!

Unfortunately, they won’t use these brachos in the right way, and it will look like Hashem is hiding from the Yidden. They will end up going into Golus, away from Eretz Yisroel and the brachos there.

The Maharal writes that we should say this song, Shiras Haazinu, all the time! It reminds us how to use the brachos Hashem gives us in the right way, so that Hashem will accept our teshuvah and bring the Geulah.



29 - 34

Today’s Tehillim is Chof-Tes through Lamed-Daled. Until Yom Kippur, we still add three extra kapitelach. Today these are kapitelach Kuf, Kuf-Alef, and Kuf-Beis.

The Frierdiker Rebbe once told this story:

Once when the Mitteler Rebbe was 7 or 8, he davened for a longer time than usual — he davenedBaArichus.” After he finished davening, someone asked him what took him so long! The Mitteler Rebbe answered that he stopped to think about something that is says in davening, and that made it take a long time.

Which part? It was a posuk from today’s TehillimKapitel Lamed (posuk gimmel)! We say this kapitel every day before Boruch She’amar: “Hashem Elokai, Shivati Eilecha Vatirpa’eini” — “I cried out to You, Hashem and You made me feel better!”

The Mitteler Rebbe was thinking about the word “Vatirpa’eini” (“and You healed me”). He was thinking how that word is like the word “rifyon” — making something weaker. He thought that the posuk could mean “I cried out to You, Hashem, and You made my Yetzer Hara not as strong!” He was thinking about how Hashem helps us win over our Yetzer Hara!

Very soon, when Moshiach comes, Hashem will take away our Yetzer Hara completely! We will have won the fight with the Yetzer Hara!

Until then, Hashem helps us make it weaker so we will act the way Hashem wants us to.



Igeres Hakodesh Siman Chof

In this very special letter that the Alter Rebbe wrote a few days before his histalkus, the Alter Rebbe explains to us about Gashmius in the world and why the mitzvos we do are so special.

There are many deep ideas of Kabbalah that are explained in this letter, so we will learn something that is connected to what the Alter Rebbe writes here.

Look around at the world. Do you see how it’s so big, and so complicated? Hashem made every single thing work just right so we can live here. Still, though, there are people who will say that there is no Hashem chas veshalom!

How can people think that way?

Chassidus explains how:

Of course, HASHEM makes everything and nothing can make itself! Since the world is also really part of Hashem, though, it can feel like it made itself.


Because really, it’s just feeling the koach of Hashem inside of it! It’s feeling the koach of Hashem Who exists on His own (“Metziuso MeiAtzmuso”), and because of this koach of Hashem that is inside of it, it thinks that it also exists on its own.

That’s how it is possible that even though it should be so obvious from the way the world runs that Hashem created it, still people can think that the world created itself.



Hey Tishrei

R’ Zushe of Anipoli said that Teshuvah has five parts, one for each letter of the word “Teshuvah!” Yesterday we learned what the Tof stands for. Today, we learn that the Shin teaches us to realize that everything is Hashgacha Protis — part of Hashem’s plan.

The “shin” of Teshuvah stands for “Shivisi Havaya Lenegdi Somid” — “I put Hayava (a name of Hashem) before me always.”

The name of Hashem “Havaya” shows how Hashem created the world and everything inside of it. The creation of the entire world and the chayus it receives from Hashem is Yeish Me’Ayin, something from absolute nothingness.

The teshuvah from the letter Shin comes from a person thinking about how Hashem is constantly creating the entire world and everything inside of it.

What does that mean?

We should always look around at the world and see Hashem! Someone might look around and think that the world just runs itself, using nature. But we know better, especially if we think about this during davening — Hashem is hiding in every part of the world, and making every single thing be there every single second — even right now, today, Hey Tishrei 5781!

We know that everything is Hashgacha Protis, and Hashem makes everything happen exactly the way it does! This is all part of a big plan — making the world a place for Hashem, which we will see very soon with the true and complete Geulah.



Shiur #76 - Mitzvas Asei #212

Today we learn the mitzvah (Mitzvas Asei #212) to have children.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Bereishis: פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ

The details are explained in Mesechta Yevamos perek Vov.



Hilchos Ishus

In today’s Rambam, we learn about the things a wife has to do for her husband. One of them is that she’s not allowed to do NOTHING all day, even if she is very rich! That’s because when people do nothing, it usually makes them end up doing things that aren’t good…

She also has some special jobs to do for her husband, like pouring him drinks and getting his bed ready.



Hilchos Tefillah - Perek Yud-Daled

In this perek, the Rambam teaches us about Birchas Kohanim, the special words that kohanim say to bring Hashem’s brachos to the Yidden! In the Beis Hamikdash, the kohanim would bentch the Yidden using the special Sheim Hameforash, the name of Hashem that is written Yud-Kay-Vov-Kay, and pronouncing it properly. After Shimon Hatzadik passed away, they stopped using this name of Hashem, even in the Beis Hamikdash, in case someone who didn’t act properly would learn it.



Aseres Yemei Teshuvah

The Rambam tells us that the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, from Rosh Hashana through Yom Kippur, are very special days. Hashem is extra close to the Yidden during this time! That’s why it is so much easier to do teshuvah now.

This special closeness that Hashem has to us during these days is called in Kabbalah and Chassidus, “Kiruv HaMaor El Hanitzutz.”

What does this mean?

A mashal for the closeness of Hashem to the Yidden is the way a big flame comes close to small sparks, and the sparks then become part of the big flame. During the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, Hashem comes close to us, like big flames of fire coming closer to small sparks. Just like the sparks join together with the big flames, our neshamos are drawn to come closer to Hashem.

This special closeness Hashem has to Yidden during this time helps us do teshuvah — to help our neshama come closer to Hashem and want to live the way Hashem wants from us!


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Avinu Malkeinu

Each day during the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, we add the special tefillah of Avinu Malkeinu in Shacharis and Mincha. In Avinu Malkeinu, we ask Hashem to bentch us with a good year!

(We say the sections for the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah that have the word “Chadeish”, not the sections for a Taanis, with the word “Bareich.”)

But on Erev Shabbos at Mincha time, when we don’t say Tachanun (or any other time we do not say Tachanun, like at a bris), we do not say Avinu Malkeinu.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Aseres Yemei Teshuvah



Buying Lulav and Esrog

Zrizin Makdimin Lemitzvos!” We should hurry to do mitzvos!

It is a minhag not to wait, but to buy the Daled Minim (Lulav and Esrog), in the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah! During these days, Hashem is counting up all of our mitzvos to make sure that we deserve a good year. We want Hashem to also count the precious mitzvah of Lulav and Esrog with those mitzvos!

But if you know you will be able to get a better set after Yom Kippur, you should wait until then to buy it.

See Shevach Hamoadim, Aseres Yemei Teshuvah

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי



Aseres Yemei Teshuvah

In the year Tof-Shin-Mem-Tes, the Rebbe spoke about what would happen if Moshiach comes during the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah:

If Moshiach comes during the Aseres Yemei Teshuvah, we will celebrate Yom Kippur differently than usual!

In honor of the Chanukas Beis Hamikdash, which will last at least seven days, we will all be celebrating! We will eat and drink with big seudos like on Yom Tov!

At the times of Bayis Rishon, this is just what happened. Yom Kippur was in the middle of the seven days of celebration when the Beis Hamikdash was finished, and the Yidden did not fast! They were busy celebrating the Chanukas Habayis of the Beis Hamikdash and preparing the Avodah to be done there.

If that’s what happened with the FIRST Beis Hamikdash, imagine how great the simcha will be with the THIRD Beis Hamikdash, that we know will be even greater! What a happy Yom Kippur that will be!

See Sefer Hasichos Mem-Tes, vol. 1, p. 12

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