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Parshas Shemos - Shishi with Rashi

Hashem decided that it was time for the suffering of the Yidden to end! He chose Moshe Rabbeinu to do the important shlichus of taking the Yidden out of Mitzrayim. Hashem spoke to Moshe from a burning bush, convincing him to take on this achrayus.

Moshe finally accepted Hashem’s shlichus!

Moshe had promised Yisro not to leave without permission, so before he went to Mitzrayim, he asked Yisro’s permission to go to Mitzrayim. Yisro agreed.

Moshe was afraid that Dasan and Aviram (who had told on him to Paraoh, making him run away to Midyan) might try to get him killed, but Hashem told him that they were now poor and they wouldn’t be dangerous to him.

Moshe put his family onto a special donkey. This donkey was used by Avraham to go to the Akeida. This same donkey will be used again when Moshiach will be revealed!

Hashem told Moshe that he will have special signs to use in front of Paraoh, but he should know that Paraoh won’t listen. Moshe should tell Paraoh that he needs to listen or else he will be punished!

Moshe and Tziporah had a baby boy, Eliezer, right before going. Moshe knew that he couldn’t give him a bris right away, because it’s not safe to go on a big trip right after a bris. But when they were close to Mitzrayim, instead of giving a bris right away, Moshe first set up a place to sleep. Hashem was not happy! He sent a malach that looked like a snake to swallow up Moshe! Tziporah understood that this was because of the bris, and so she took a sharp stone and made a bris on Eliezer right away, and Hashem sent the malach away.

Hashem told Aharon to go meet Moshe in the desert, and he met him at Har Sinai. Moshe told Aharon why he was coming to Mitzrayim, and they went together. Aharon didn’t think Tziporah and the children should come to Mitzrayim, so Moshe sent them back to Midyan.

Moshe and Aharon gathered the leaders of the Yidden. Aharon told over what Moshe said, and they did the special signs before the Yidden. Even though the Golus was so hard, the Yidden believed right away that Hashem was going to take them out of Golus, and they bowed down to thank Hashem!



97 - 103

Today’s Tehillim is kapitelach Tzadik-Zayin through Kuf-Gimmel.

In one of today’s kapitelach, we have a posuk that says “Horiu LaHashem Kol Ha’aretz” — “the whole world should sing to Hashem!”

It is brought in Chassidus that the words “Horiu LaHashem Kol Ha’aretz” are the Roshei Teivos of (the first letters spell the word) Halacha!

When we follow Halacha, the way the Aibershter wants things to be, that’s like the world is singing to Hashem!



Likutei Amarim Perek Yud-Gimmel

In today’s Tanya, the Alter Rebbe teaches us that being Emes’dik is different based on the level you are on. So a beinoni should not feel bad that his emes is not the same emes as a tzadik.

We learned that the beinoni feels a very strong connection to Hashem during davening. But after davening, he doesn’t feel that strong love anymore!

So is his avodah really Emes?

Compared to the level of a real tzadik, this avodah is not called Emes, true, because it isn’t the same all the time.

Still, the Alter Rebbe says that this avodah IS Emes for the beinoni, since a beinoni is able to make this strong connection to Hashem every day by davening b’avodah. So for a beinoni, this is called Emes.



Chof Teves

In today’s Hayom Yom we learn how important it is to have a good friend to discuss how to be a better Yid!

When the Mitteler Rebbe was 16, the Alter Rebbe put him in charge of guiding the younger Chassidim. One of the things that the Mitteler Rebbe started was the inyan of having a good chaver (friend). A good friend also helps a person find what kinds of things they should be asking their mashpia, and helps him follow what the mashpia says. Here the Mitteler Rebbe explains to someone in Yechidus why a good chaver is so helpful in serving Hashem!

The Mitteler Rebbe said to someone in Yechidus:

When two Yidden talk about Avodas Hashem together, their neshamos help each other! So inside each of them, it’s like there are TWO Nefesh Elokis (or Yetzer Tovs) working to overcome their Nefesh Hativis (or Yetzer Hara)!

We are learning in Tanya about ways to help our Nefesh Elokis outsmart the Nefesh Habehamis. Here in Hayom Yom, we learn another way to do it — to join with another Yid!

When we say “Two Yetzer Tovs against one Yetzer Hara,” we are talking about the way it is for EACH of the Yidden talking together. Another person’s Yetzer Tov will be happy to help his friend, and will join with the friend’s Yetzer Tov. But a Yetzer Hara is selfish — it won’t try to help the other person! So each person only has their own Yetzer Hara. When there’s two against one, there is a much bigger chance to be successful!



Shiur #165 - Mitzvas Lo Saasei #89, Asei #39, #29, Lo Saasei #81, Asei #30

1) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #89) We are not allowed to bring a korban onto a Mizbeiach anywhere except in the Beis Hamikdash. This is called “Maaleh Bachutz,” and is a separate mitzvah than what we learned yesterday about not shechting a korban outside of the Beis Hamikdash.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Reeh: הִשָּׁמֶר לְךָ פֶּן תַּעֲלֶה עֹלֹתֶיךָ בְּכָל מָקוֹם אֲשֶׁר תִּרְאֶה

The details are explained in Perek Yud-Gimmel of Mesechta Zevachim.

2) (Mitzvas Asei #39) Every single day, we need to bring the Korban Tomid — once in the morning and once in the afternoon.

This mitzvah comes from a posuk in Parshas Pinchas (it’s also in Korbanos that we say every day in davening!): שְׁנַיִם לַיּוֹם עֹלָה תָמִיד

The halachos are explained in Perek Beis of Mesechta Yoma, and in Mesechta Tamid.

3) (Mitzvas Asei #29) We need to make sure that the fire on the Mizbeiach burns all the time! We put more wood on the Mizbeiach in the morning and in the afternoon.

We learn this mitzvah from a posuk in Parshas Tzav, that we also say in davening! אֵשׁ תָּמִיד תּוּקַד עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לֹא תִכְבֶּה

4) (Mitzvas Lo Saasei #81) It is asur to let the fire on the Mizbeiach go out, or even to put out just one part of it!

This mitzvah comes from the same posuk — אֵשׁ תָּמִיד תּוּקַד עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לֹא תִכְבֶּה

The details of this mitzvah are explained in Perek Yud of Mesechta Zevachim.

5) (Mitzvas Asei #30) The kohanim should take off the ashes from the Mizbeiach every day. This is called Terumas Hadeshen.

We learn this mitzvah from a different posuk in Parshas Tzav, which is also part of Korbanos: וְלָבַשׁ הַכֹּהֵן מִדּוֹ בַד וּמִכְנְסֵי בַד וְגוֹ׳ וְהֵרִים אֶת הַדֶּשֶׁן

The halachos are explained in Mesechta Tamid and Mesechta Kipurim.



Hilchos Maaseh HaKorbanos - Temidin U'Musafin

In today’s Rambam, we finish learning about the types of korbanos and how they are brought, and start to learn the halachos of the korbanos we bring regularly, the ones for every day and the special ones for Shabbos and Yom Tov.

Perek Yud-Tes: We learn the halachos about the first mitzvah in today’s Sefer Hamitzvos — if someone brings a korban outside of the Beis Hamikdash. We learn that a goy IS allowed to bring a korban outside of the Beis Hamikdash.

Perek Alef: Now we start learning Hilchos Temidin Umusafin! The first perek is about the Korban Tomid, the korban that we bring EVERY day. No other korbanos should be brought BEFORE the morning one, and no other Korbanos (except the Korban Pesach) can be brought AFTER the afternoon one. If chas veshalom the morning Tomid was missed, we should bring the afternoon one — unless it’s the first time we’re using that Mizbeiach (like if Moshiach comes in the afternoon!)

Perek Beis: We learn the halachos of the last three mitzvos of today’s Sefer Hamitzvos, about how to make sure that the fire on the Mizbeiach burns ALL the time, and about the Terumas Hadeshen.



Hilchos Shluchim VeShutfin - Perek Alef

In Perek Alef we learn about a shliach. When someone sends a messenger (shliach) to do something, it’s like the one who sent him did it himself — if the messenger followed the instructions! So if someone sends a messenger to buy a field, when the messenger buys it, it belongs to the one who sent him.



Chof Teves

Today is the yartzeit of the Rambam.

We all know that the Rambam wrote the Sefer Hamitzvos and the Seforim that we call “Rambam” — the Yad Hachazakah. The Rambam also wrote another very famous sefer, called Moreh Nevuchim (Guide to the Perplexed). In the time of the Rambam, many people had questions about Yiddishkeit, and the sefer Moreh Nevuchim helped them understand how to serve Hashem.

The Rebbe teaches us that there must be a connection between the Rambam and the Alter Rebbe, since their Yartzeits are just a few days apart.

One connection is very easy to see:

The Rambam wrote the Yad Hachazakah which teaches us the halachos of Torah, and the Moreh Nevuchim which teaches how to serve Hashem.

The Alter Rebbe wrote the Shulchan Aruch which teaches us the halachos of Torah, and the Tanya to teach us how to serve Hashem!

The Rebbe tells us that today is a good day to make a farbrengen and to strengthen the learning of Sefer Hamitzvos and Rambam, for ourselves and for others!


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Modeh Ani

When we wake up, before we wash Negel Vasser, we say Modeh Ani.

How soon do we have to say Modeh Ani after we wake up?

In Shulchan Aruch, the Alter Rebbe tells us that we need to say Modeh Animiyad,” right away! We shouldn’t wait at all. Right away when we wake up, we say Modeh Ani.

In other places in halacha, we use a different word, “teikef.” If we do something “teikef,” we can’t wait very long either! But “teikef” is still an amount of time, even though it is a short amount of time. “Miyad” means right away, without waiting at all!

See Shulchan Menachem vol. 1, p. 2



Negel Vasser After Naps

When we wake up in the morning, before we do anything (or even touch anything), we wash our hands Negel Vasser. Washing three times on each hand, in the pattern of Negel Vasser, makes us tahor from the Ruach Hatumah that came into our hands during the night.

In halacha, there are two opinions about this Ruach Hatumah.

Some Chachomim say that this is a nighttime tumah, and it comes every night, even if we didn’t sleep. According to this opinion, we should wash Negel Vasser right away in the morning even if we stayed up all night.

Other Chachomim say that this Ruach Hatumah comes from sleep, whether it is during the night or during the day. According to this opinion, we should wash Negel Vasser every time we sleep during the day.

The Alter Rebbe says that the Ruach Hatumah comes especially from sleeping at night. When a person sleeps at night, he has to be sure to wash Negel Vasser right away when he wakes up.

If a person sleeps during the day, there is a doubt (sofek) if the Ruach Hatumah comes into a person. Because of this, the halacha is not as strict about needing to wash RIGHT AWAY and before touching anything. So we do wash Negel Vasser three times on each hand if we took a nap during the day, but we don’t need to wash by our bed like we do after sleeping at night.

See the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch, siman Daled, se’if Tes-Vov; according to the shiurim of Rabbi Yekusiel Farkash

לעילוי נשמת הרה״ח ר׳ דניאל יצחק ע״ה בן ר׳ אפרים שי׳ מאסקאוויץ
שליח כ"ק אדמו"ר נשיא דורנו למדינת אילינוי




The Rebbe’s takana of learning Rambam and Sefer Hamitzvos is a very special way to get ready for Moshiach!


When we have a birthday party coming up, we make sure to prepare the things that will happen at the party! We figure out the rules for the games we will play, which hachlata we make, and decide how we will set the table and when we’ll say the pesukim.

The Rambam says in the halachos about Moshiach that in the times of Moshiach, we are going to be able to do ALL of the mitzvos just like we used to when the Beis Hamikdash was standing, exactly the way Hashem wants!

What is the best way to get ready for that? We can learn and know about all of the mitzvos and halachos so we’ll know what Hashem wants. There is only one sefer that teaches us EVERYTHING we need to know (including the halachos about the Beis Hamikdash and bringing korbanos): The Rambam!

So what’s a better way to get ready for Moshiach? Let’s make sure to learn Rambam every day!

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